Various forms of medicines, such as tablets, syrups, capsules are called dosage forms. The purpose of an Ayurvedic dosage form is to convert natural raw herbs into medicines.
To convert raw herbs into medicines, Kwath / Kashayam dosage form is very best. It contains the active medicinal principles of the herbs in the water medium. Plants are made up of a 90 % water component. The water-soluble components are easily absorbed by the human stomach and intestines. Hence, Kashayam is a very good and fast-acting dosage form.
The problems with Kwath dosage form are mainly two -
To solve these Kwath problems, ancient Ayurvedic masters designed fermented liquid dosage form, called Arishtams. It contains self-generated natural alcohol in them. They contain sweet substances such as jaggery, natural sugar, grapes, etc. Arishtam carries both water-soluble and alcohol-soluble active principles of the herbs. Hence, the potency of Arishtam is very high.
Due to all these processes, after the designated time, the final liquid product will contain water and alcohol soluble extract of the herbs. This is filtered and stored in air-tight bottles, away from direct sunlight.
The conventional dose of Arishtam is 30 ml. This is administered as single/ multiple dosages per day. It is administered before or after food, based on the disease of the patient.
Both Arishtam and Asavam are prepared by the same method of preparation. In Arishtam, first, Kwath (water decoction) of the herb is prepared, to which, sweetening, fermenting agents and spices are added. In Asavam, water is directly taken and added with sweetening, fermenting agents, herbs and spices and kept for fermentation.
Arishtam is medicinally used in Kapha and Vata disorders; Asavam is used mainly in Pitta disorders, because of its cooling nature. For example, Chanadanasavam, containing sandalwood as an ingredient, is used in Pitta imbalance disorders.
Kerala Ayurveda Balarishtam - With ingredients like Bala – Sida cordifolia, clove, cardamom, castor root, etc, this medicine is a very good nervine tonic, helps boosts and corrects immunity and used extensively to improve body nutrition and strength.
Kerala Ayurveda Dasamoolajeerakarishtam - With ingredients like cumin, Dasamoola – group of 10 anti-inflammatory roots, this medicine is extensively used for improving digestion, metabolism, to reduce swelling, inflammation. This is also frequently used in the post-partum care of the mother (after child-birth).
Kerala Ayurveda Dasamoolarishtam - With ingredients like 10 anti-inflammatory roots, Giloy, Vitex negundo, Triphala, it is very useful in the treatment of weak digestion, respiratory disorders such as bronchitis, vomiting, liver disorders, etc.
Kerala Ayurveda Abhayarishtam - With Haritaki, which happens to be one among the three fruits of Triphala as the main ingredient, Abhayarishtam is very useful for the treatment of piles, gaseous distension of abdomen, bloating, ascites and constipation.
Kerala Ayurveda Amrutharishtam - With Giloy as the main ingredient, which is a highly effective antipyretic Ayurvedic herb, this medicine is used for the treatment of fever and inflammatory conditions. It also contains Dasamoola – group of 10 herbs.
Kerala Ayurveda Aragwadharishtam - Cassia fistula is the main ingredient, which is an excellent skin tonic herb. It also contains clove, cardamom, black pepper, honey, amla, etc. It is extensively used for the treatment of skin disorders, infested and non-healing wounds, fistula and hemorrhoids.
Kerala Ayurveda Asokarishtam - Asoka literally means, A-Soka – devoid of sorry. This medicine is famous for relieving the sorrows of women. It is widely used for the treatment of menstrual disorders such as heavy periods, painful periods, bleeding haemorrhoids, etc. Saraca asoca, ginger, Triphala, mango seed kernel, sandalwood, etc are its main ingredients.